The people were as those that strove (struggled) with the MINISTERS (Hos_4:4) when they had MINISTERS that did their duty; but the generality of them lived in the neglect of their duty, and here is a word for those MINISTERS, and for the people that love to have it so, Jer_5:31.
And it is observable here how the punishment answers to the sin, and how, for the justifying of His own proceedings, YAHWEH sets the one over-against the other.
I. The people strove (went against) the MINISTERS that should have taught them the knowledge of Yahweh; justly therefore were they destroyed for lack of knowledge, Hos_4:6.
II. Both MINISTERS and people rejected knowledge; and justly therefore will Yahweh reject them. The reason why the people did not learn, and the MINISTERS did not teach, was not because they had not the light, but because they hated it – not because they had not ways of coming to the knowledge of Yahweh and of communicating it, but because they had no heart to it; they rejected it.
They desired not the knowledge of Yahweh’s ways, but put it from them, and shut their eyes against the light; and therefore “I will also reject thee; I will refuse to take cognizance of thee and to own thee; you will not know me, but bid me depart; I will therefore say, Depart from Me, I know you not. Thou shalt be no MINISTERS to Me.”
1. The MINISTERS shall be no longer admitted to the privileges, or employed in the services, of the ministry, nor shall they ever be received again, as we find, Eze_44:13.
2. The people shall be no longer as they have been, a kingdom of MINISTERS, a royal ministry, Exo_19:6. Yahweh’s people, by rejecting knowledge, forfeit their honour and profane their own crown.
III. They forgot the law of Yahweh, neither desired nor endeavoured to retain it in mind, nor to transmit the remembrance of it to their posterity, and therefore justly will Yahweh forget them and their children, the people’s children; they did not educate them, as they ought to have done, in the knowledge of Yahweh and their duty to Him, and therefore Yahweh will disown them, as not in covenant with Him.
IV. They dishonoured Yahweh with that which was their honour, and justly therefore will Yahweh strip them of it, Hos_4:7. It was their honour that they were increased in number, wealth, power, and dignity.
The beginning of their nation was small, but in process of time it greatly increased, and grew very considerable; the family of the priests increased wonderfully. But, as they were increased, so they sinned against Yahweh.
The more populous the nation grew, the more sin was committed and the more profane they were; their wealth, honour, and power, did but make them the more daring in sin. Therefore, says Yahweh, will I change their glory into shame.
Are their numbers their glory? Yahweh will diminish them and make them few. Is their wealth their glory? Yahweh will impoverish them and bring them low; so that they shall themselves be ashamed of that which they gloried in. Their Minister shall be made contemptible and base, Mal_2:9.
V. The MINISTERS ate up the sin of Yahweh’s people, and therefore they shall eat and not have enough. They abused the maintenance that was allowed to the Minister, to the MINISTER of the house of Aaron, by the law of Yahweh, and to the mock-Minister of the calves by their constitution (Hos_4:8):
They eat up the sin of My people, that is, their sin-offerings. If it be meant of the Minister of the calves, it intimates their seizing that which they had no right to; they usurped the revenues of the ministry though they were no Minister.
If it be meant of those who were legal MINISTERS, it intimates their greediness of the profits and perquisites of their office, when they took no care at all to do the duty of it. They feasted upon their part of the offerings of Yahweh, but forgot the work for which they were so well paid.
They set their heart upon the people’s iniquities; they lifted up their soul to them, that is, they were glad then people did commit iniquity, that they might be obliged to bring an offering to make atonement for it, which they should have their share of; the more sins the more sacrifices, and therefore they cared not how much sin people were guilty of.
Instead of warning the people against sin, from the consideration of the sacrifices, which showed them what an offence sin was to Yahweh, since it needed such an expiation, they emboldened and encouraged the people to sin, since an atonement might be made at so small an expense.
Thus they glutted themselves upon the sins of the people, and helped to keep up that which they should have beaten down.
2. Yahweh will therefore deny them His blessing upon their maintenance (Hos_4:10): They shall eat and not have enough. Though they have great plenty by the abundance of offerings that are brought in, yet they shall have no satisfaction in it.
Either their food shall yield no good nourishment or their greedy appetites shall not be satisfied with it.
VI. The more they increased the more they sinned (Hos_4:7), and therefore though they commit whoredom, though they take the most wicked methods to multiply their people, yet they shall not increase. Though they have many wives and concubines, as Solomon had, yet they shall not have their families built up thereby in a numerous progeny, any more than he
They forsake Him, so as not to take heed to Him; they have apostatized to such a degree that they have no manner of regard to Yahweh , but are perfectly without Yahweh in the world.
VII. The people and the Minister did harden one another in sin; and therefore justly shall they be sharers in the punishment (Hos_4:9): There shall be, like people, like Minister. So they were in character; people and Minister were both alike ignorant and profane, regardless of Yahweh and their duty, and addicted to idolatry: and so they shall be in condition; Yahweh will bring judgments upon them, that shall be the destruction both of priest and people; the famine that deprives the people of their meat shall deprive the priests of their meat-offerings, Joe_1:9.
It is part of the description of a universal desolation that it shall be as with the people, so with the Minister ,Isa_24:2. Yahweh’s judgments, when they come with commission, will make no difference.
VIII. They indulged themselves in the delights of sense, to hold up their hearts; but they shall find that they take away their hearts (Hos_4:11): Whoredom, and wine, and new wine take away the heart. Some join this with the foregoing words. They have forsaken YAHWEH, to take heed to whoredom, and wine, and new wine. Or, Because these have taken away their heart.
Their sensual pleasures have taken them off from their devotions and drowned all that is good in them. Or we may take it as a distinct sentence, containing a great truth which we see confirmed by every day’s experience, that drunkenness and uncleanness are sins which besot and infatuate men, weaken and enfeeble them. They take away both the understanding and the courage.